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MANAGUA – A Nicaraguan committee approved a proposed route on Monday for a $40 billion shipping channel across the Central American country that would compete with the Panama Canal.
The committee of government officials, businessmen and academics approved a 172 mile route from the mouth of the Brito river on the Pacific side to the Punto Gorda river on the Caribbean that was proposed by executives from the HK Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Co Ltd.
The Hong Kong-based HKND group, which is leading the project, is headed by Chinese lawyer Wang Jing, who also heads Chinese company Xinwei Telecom Enterprise Group.
The proposed canal would pass through Lake Nicaragua, Central America’s largest lake, and will be between 230 metres and 520 metres (755 feet to 1,706 feet) wide and 27.6 metres (90 feet) deep, said HKND engineer Dong Yunsong.
The proposed route still faces environmental and social impact studies that could recommend some changes to the plan, but those studies should be finished later this year to allow work to begin by December, said committee member Telemaco Talavera.
Opponents of the plan are concerned about the canal’s effect on Lake Nicaragua, an important fresh water source for the country, as well as the impact on poor communities.
The plan is to finish the canal in 2019 and begin operations in 2020, Talavera said.
The proposed channel would be more than three times longer than the 48-mile (77-km) Panama Canal, which took the United States a decade to build at the narrowest part of the Central American isthmus. It was completed in 1914.

Interesting Engineering Event



Lisa Langhorst (


The rise in Global trade has made the need for an alternative trade route to the Panama Canal a definite necessity. Even with the expansions on the Panama Canal, it cannot support vessels with capacities over 150,000tons according to an article in the Business Daily update [1]. An old idea for a canal that would go through the impoverished country of Nicaragua is now become a viable option to enhance global trade, as Nicaragua attempts to latch onto the back of this rise in trade and counter the monopoly of the Panama Canal.
I think that this is an important issue because the construction of the Nicaraguan Canal would benefit shale export from the United States. This would result in a better economic standing for our country, and give the United States a greater geopolitical leverage, according to an article in the Wall Street journal about the effect of oil and natural gas production on the country’s standing [2]. A better economy stands to increase the well being of every citizen of the United States of America.
There are many issues that face this project, such as environmental impact on Lake Nicaragua, the financial expense, and alternative trade route plans to connect the Pacific and Atlantic oceans through other South American countries. However, the Nicaraguan Canal stands to be the best option for a trade route especially considering the revolution in shale gas exports from the United States. Currently the vessels used to export shale exceed the capacity allowable by the Panama Canal, so they are forces to go around South America instead of through Central America. The technology is there, and has been there since the construction of the Panama Canal in the early twentieth century.


A Brief History and a Bright Outlook

Nicaragua has long been considered an excellent route for a canal between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It was considered at the same time as the Panama Canal, but did not make it to construction at that time because of political unrest in Nicaragua. Now Nicaragua is “the poorest country in Central America and second poorest in the Western Hemisphere” according to the CNN wire [2]. In Nicaragua almost half of the population cannot afford enough food to meet the minimal necessary caloric intake to maintain good nutrition. The Washington Times stated that “According to the company�s projections, the canal would create some 40,000 construction jobs and virtually double Nicaragua’s per-capita gross domestic product ‘ [3]. This means that if the Nicaraguan Canal is built, Nicaragua will be able to sustain its economy, and its population. By 2015, before the canal is even finished, employment could triple and over 700,000 people could be pulled from poverty or extreme poverty. The economy could double, reaching $24 billion [4]. Nicaragua could be one of the fastest growing economies in history.
According to The Business Daily Update, the annual revenue of the canal is estimated to be $5.5 billion [1]. The total cost of the canal is estimated at $40 billion, with a building period of six to ten years, and sustainable operation for over a century, according to an article in International Construction [5]. This means that its total revenue would far exceed the cost of construction and maintenance for the next 100 years.

Financial Logistics

The project was granted to, and is being funded by, a Chinese businessman, Mr. Wang Jing, and the HKND Hong Kong based group. This past summer Mr. Jing was awarded a fifty-year concession for the project, with a possible fifty-year extension [2]. Mr. Jing made a point that the project would be funded by private investors [5]. Since Nicaragua still recognizes Taiwan and not mainland China, the two countries do not have diplomatic relations. Therefore, the Chinese government will not be investing in the project initially[6]. An investment such as this might scare away private investors, but I would not be surprised if China offers some low interest loans further into the project, as they stand to gain from the construction of the Nicaraguan Canal as well, since the Nicaraguan Canal would make trade key trading partners like South Africa more cost effective [2].



The Nicaraguan Canal is potentially the largest civil engineering project in the world. It would be about three times the size of the Panama Canal [3]. The route of the canal has not yet been finalized, but over 100 kilometers of land will have to be excavated [5].

Figure 1 [7]

Route Options for the Nicaraguan Canal

Figure 1 displays the route options for the canal. All of these routes go through Lake Nicaragua, the largest lake in South America. The simplest route would be route 6, along the San Juan River, but that has been ruled out due to some territorial discrepancies between Nicaragua and Costa Rica, the country that lies along the southern side of the San Juan River. This leaves several overland routes, which would require extensive excavation. In addition to the canal, HKND also has rights to build two deep water ports, two airports, an oil pipeline across the country, and a transoceanic railroad, all of which fits into the timeline and budget [2, 7].

Construction of the Panama Canal: a Comparison

The feasibility check and environmental impact study for the Nicaraguan Canal have not yet been completed, so the exact method as to how the Nicaraguan Canal will be constructed is not yet released to the public, but looking to the past, at the construction of the Panama Canal we can get a good idea of the process by which the Panama was built. The canals were dug into “V” shapes by several techniques of excavation. Pneumatic power drills were used to drill holes for explosives, steam shovels, steam powered cranes, dredges- devices for underwater excavation-, and hydraulic rock crushers were then used to further break down the rock which was then transported to dumping sites by way of railroads. The technology will have improved by now, but the general process remains the same.


Competitive Trade Routes

Nicaragua is not the only country with the intention to open up another trade route between the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean. In Honduras plans are being made to build Pacific and Atlantic ports connected by a series of rail lines. Guatemala is making similar plans to have ports connected by a high-speed rail line along gas and oil pipelines [5]. This would be cheaper, but less efficient for trade in the long run. The additional time spent transferring goods to and from rail lines would add time to the shipping process and make the product more expensive.

US Shale Exports

From the perspective of the United States, the Nicaraguan Canal stands to be the best option. America has recently experienced a boon in shale gas production as well as shifts in trade policy to more exports [1]. The vessels used to transport shale exceed the 150,000-ton capacity of the Panama Canal. These vessels then have to round Cape Horn on the southern tip of South America in order to export to China. Because of this, the price advantage of shale exports to China is very low. However, with the construction of the wider, deeper Nicaraguan Canal these vessels will no longer need to take such an extensive trade route. The Nicaraguan canal will be able to support vessels of 400,000 tons, vessels two and a half times the size of the largest vessels going through the Panama Canal.


The Nicaraguan Canal will be the most efficient trade route from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. It benefits the United States, particularly by increasing shale export efficiency, it benefits Nicaragua by allowing it to tap into the expanse of world maritime trade, and it benefits China by making their trade more cost effective as well. There are challenges that face the construction of the Nicaraguan Canal, as there were challenges that faced the construction of the Panama Canal. These challenges will be overcome by the advancement of technology, and motivation of the economic prosperity produced by this canal. The expense will most definitely be worth the outcome, and the future of world trade will be made brighter.


  1. (2013, June 26). “New canal a lifeline for energy. ” Business Daily Update.(Online article).
  2. A. Jaffe. (2013, March27). “Experts: How the U.S. Oil Boom Will Change the Markets and Geopolitics. ” Wall Street Journal.(Online article).
  3. C. Riley. (2013, June 26). “China canal project in Nicaragua has investors. ” CNN Wire. (Online article).
  4. A. Yu. (2013, July 16). “Chinese tycoon maps out rival canal; Nicaragua OKs $40B waterway. ” The Washington Times.(Online article).
  5. T. Rogers. (2013, July 24). “Can China finally make the Nicaragua canal dream happen? ” The Christian Science Monitor.(Online article).
  6. C. Arduz, C. Sleight. (2013, June 24). “Nicaragua approves Panama Canal Alternative. ” International Construction. (Online article).
  7. J. Hobson. (2013, July 22). “Chinese Company Attempts to Build Panama Canal Alternative.� “Here & Now. (Interview).
  8. (2013, June 14) “Living on Earth: Nicaraguan Canal. ” Living on Earth. (Interview).


(2013). “The Nicaragua Canal and Development Project. ” HKND Group. (Website).


I would like to thank Dr. Dan Budny for the opportunity to do a research project that solidified my interest in civil engineering.

I would like to thank Judith Brink for assistance in research and refinement of sources through the University of Pittsburgh Library.

I would like to thank Heinz Langhorst for discussion on the construction and issues of building the Nicaraguan Canal.

I would like to thank Alexandra George for her advice on editing and refining the diction, content, and argument of my paper.

Pura Vida!

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I was just bragging how this stuff doesn’t happen here. :-(

A National Police officer overlooks a crowd gathering at the Fuente de la Hispanidad in San Pedro, San José, after the Costa Rica-Netherlands World Cup match on July 5, 2014. (Courtesy Public Security Ministry)

National Police arrested 90 people in brawls and other incidents during and after Costa Rica’s match against the Netherlands on Saturday, according to a statement from the Public Security Ministry. More than half the arrests involved domestic violence, despite a government campaign to curb a recent spike in domestic abuse complaints during the World Cup.

Members of the national men’s football team, known as “La Sele,” hold signs in Brazil reading “No to violence,” as part of the government’s campaign against domestic violence.

Courtesy Public Security Ministry


One of the most dramatic events of the weekend took place in the Plaza de la Democracia in downtown San José, where a brawl broke out between several fans. Police confirmed Saturday evening that two victims were stabbed and another hit with a bottle. Eight arrests were reported, but no motive was disclosed.

More than half of Saturday’s arrests – 48 – involved domestic violence. Violent intrafamily incidents spiked during Costa Rica’s games during the World Cup. Guillermo Aroyo, president of the Costa Rican Red Cross, said that during Costa Rica’s June 29 match against Greece the organization responded to 200 more calls than usual. The Public Security Ministry, Presidency Ministry and other government bodies launched a campaign called “Give Domestic Violence the Red Card” last week to raise awareness about celebrating the games responsibly.

Some 23 suspects were arrested for fighting in alcohol-related incidents during or after the game that knocked Costa Rica out of the World Cup. Most of the arrests took place in San José, where police confiscated drugs and knives. Police also aprehended three suspects in the act of committing a crime, three for property damage, four for drug possession, one for robbery, and two for illegal gun possession, among others.

Some 3,500 police were out across the country and on the streets of San José, including at the Fuente de la Hispanidad, Plaza de la Democracia and Parque Central for Saturday’s game.

Originally posted Tico Times

Pura Vida!

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UPDATE: 2 Costa Rica fans stabbed, another hit with a bottle in Plaza de la Democracia while watching Netherlands match

No Costa Rica say it isn’t so. 😦 Don’t be like the U.S.!!!!!!

Police cleared the front of the Plaza de la Democracia where Costa Ricans were gathered to watch the game after a stabbing that injured at least three. Lindsay Fendt/The Tico Times

The Public Security Ministry (MSP) released a statement Saturday evening reporting that Red Cross responders attended to three victims from a fight that broke out in the capital’s Plaza de la Democracia. Two victims were injured from a stabbing and a third received treatment after being hit with a bottle. Police arrested eight involved in the disturbance, including one suspect identified by the last names Delgadillo Ruiz who was wanted on a weapon possession charge.

Authorities still don’t know what started the brawl that interrupted an otherwise peaceful gathering. More than 1,000 fans watched Costa Rica and the Netherlands battle for a spot in the World Cup semifinals on a large LED screen at the plaza in downtown San José.

Tico Times reporter Lindsay Fendt, who was at the scene, said that fans toward the back of the plaza did not realize what was unfolding in front of them and continued cheering the national team.

An ambulance arrived soon arrived to the area and removed the injured on stretchers.

Original article continues here:

A Costa Rican fan lies in the Plaza de la Democracía in downtown San José after being stabbed in the back while watching Costa Rica play the Netherlands in the World Cup quarterfinals.AFP

Police and spectators rushed to assist injured Costa Rican fans at the Plaza de la Democracia in San José. Three people were reportedly injured, although the extent of those injuries has not yet been confirmed by authorities.

Fans  gathered in the capital’s public plaza to watch the match. Police have sealed off the scene of the alleged crime and are investigating.

A Costa Rican fan lies on the street after being stabbed in his back in the Parque de la Democracia in downtown San José, while watching Costa Rica play the Netherlands in the World Cup quarterfinals on Saturday.AFP

Lindsay Fendt/The Tico Times



Originally Posted Tico Times
Pura Vida!

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Lightning kills 18 year old

So for those living here or just visiting you need to know about this story.

On Sunday 6/22/14 at Playa Penca in Costa Rica an 18 year old died when he was struck by lightning. He was identified as David Otoniel Rocha Rivera. It is said he was getting out of the water when the bolt hit. Rainy season is very beautiful and also can be very deadly as well. As soon as you see the clouds turn dark get inside! Do not take a chance.

This is a sad story and one that hopefully can be prevented in the future.

Pura Vida!

Don’t forget to check out our Cafe Press shop! $3 of every item purchased goes to Charities here in Costa Rica. Also check out our House for Saleand Rent listings as well!  If you are traveling and you want a cheap $4.99 a month and good VPN so you can watch hulu, your countries Netflix, and amazon click here. Good for travel or if you live here in Costa Rica. Don’t forget about our Amazon shop as well!

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